220919 Strength training properties part 2 of 3
Morphological changes naturally occur in those who strength train. These changes in the muscle composition result from increases in the amount of muscle glycogen, the number of mitochondria, the capillaries, the muscle fiber size, the tissues of the connective structures, and even the bones of the affected muscles become stronger by increasing their density.
Briefly stated the posture in which one strength trains and exercises should in most ways mimic the posture of the sport. The angle and or muscle length of the exercise movement should also be similar to the activity.
Typically, in the strength field, we try to discourage momentum from taking the place of muscle recruitment during the lifting process. However, the speed of the sport needs to be addressed in the weight room thereby making velocity of movement critical to the application of force, which is necessary to overcome the resistance on the bar.
Movement patterns of the sport must, whenever possible, apply to the strength development process. These patterns can only developed through a carefully thought out strength program, specifically designed for the individual athlete. Strength for each particular move not only depends on the size of the muscles cross section of fibers but also upon the recruitment and synchronization of the muscle cells firing of the various motor units. This comes from training the neuromuscular pathways. Training as you play increases the chances of playing as you train because as Dr. Stuart McGill has stated “practice makes permanent.”.\
Only the newest strength athlete can and will benefit from using only one exercise to enhance all other areas of strength. According to Wazny, 1992, increases in static strength do not cause cross over increases in dynamic strength except in the beginner.
Influence that the central nervous system has on strength development is tremendous. Stimulation, just prior to or, during the strength test results in quantitatively measurable increases in the final output.
Hypnosis has the largest impact at producing a 26% greater output. In 1961 tests revealed that forearm strength was increased by 7.4% within two to ten seconds after a pistol shot and 12.2% if the athlete shouted during the application of force. These are significant increases in strength. Imagine a 26% increase in your squat, your deadlift, bench press or your total.