The bodyweight squat

Bodyweight squats

Stand with your feet approximately shoulder width apart, arms at your side. If you lack the balance to do a squat in this manner, then hold your hands out to the front of your body or stand by a solid handhold to steady yourself.

Move your hips backward and your knees out to the side so they stay in line with your feet. The majority of your weight should be felt on the center, to the rear, of each foot. At the bottom position of the squat, try wiggling your toes. Hold onto something if your balance is poor. Being able to wiggle them indicates that you are into the correct position to squat.

As you start to squat, imagine sitting in a chair. Keep your back straight and your chest up. Drop all the way down and then come back up quickly—each rep with perfect form.

The reason for coming up quickly is this: if you start to fall, it is going to be your leg power, based on your leg strength as well as other muscles helping to prevent it from happening.

In your daily life, practice getting up from a chair without using your hands on your legs for assistance, just use your leg muscles to get up.

The following reprinted with permission from at

For many people, the simple act of getting up from a seated position can be a challenge. The ordinary activities of standing and sitting are so basic that we take them for granted…until the day when we have to push, and push, and push again before achieving “liftoff”.  Difficulty in standing up from a chair can be due to a combination of reasons:

  • weakness of the legs
  • stiffness in the back
  • poor balance
  • fear of falling
  • lack of flexibility in the ankles
  • lack of range of motion in the knees
  • tightness of the hamstring muscles on the back of the thighs
  • improper technique

Here are some easy tips to practice to help you rise up from a seated position.

  1. Slide your bottom all the way to the front edge of your chair.
  2. Now that you’re at the edge of the chair, sit up straight.
  3. With your knees bent, pull your feet back under the front edge of your chair underneath you.
  4. Place your feet flat on the floor, shoulder width apart.
  5. If you have armrests on your chair, place your hands near the front of the armrests. If you don’t have armrests, place your hands beside your thighs at the front edge of your chair or on the tops of your thighs.
  6. Lean forward from the hips, keeping the back straight. This step is very important! If you lean forward far enough, gravity can actually help you stand up! Your head should move forward during this step.
  7. As you are leaning forward, press your heels into the floor as you push yourself up with your legs and with your arms.
  8. Straighten your legs. Lift your head up to straighten your hips. Now you’ve done it! You’ve achieved liftoff!

Another easy tip to help you stand up from a seated position is to consider the type of chair you sit in. Switching from a soft squishy chair to a strong, firm, armchair will give you more support as you stand up.

Use the same technique outlined above when getting out of or into a car. Again, the step that most people have trouble with is leaning far enough forward. By bringing your feet back underneath your body and leaning forward, the body’s center of gravity shifts toward the front of the feet.  This allows gravity to help you rise up from a seated position.

A good way to help increase leg strength is to practice standing up and sitting down as an exercise 5 times at every meal. It’s also very important to do exercises for back, leg and ankle flexibility.  

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